What You Need to Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

by Justin on December 21, 2016

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If you are feeling unexplained numbness or tingling sensation in your fingers and hands, it could be a sign that you have Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.  It is one of the common diseases in the world where there is a compression of the median nerve as it transfers to your hand.

It usually affects the middle finger, thumb, and the index finger. The tingling sensation starts gradually and gets worse during the night. It supplies the impulse to your hand muscle by passing to the thumb. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can occur in either one or both of your hands.

Anatomy of Carpal Tunnel:

Before reading about the causes and symptoms, it is important you understand more about Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Well, carpal tunnel is a small passage which is about an inch wide. The entire area of this tunnel is formed by tiny wrist bones called carpal bones. The boundaries of the tunnel are rigid and therefore, provides little capacity for the tunnel to increase in size. The tunnel passes from the wrist to all the fingers and thumb. The nerve provides a sensation in the middle, index, ring fingers and thumb.

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

After conducting a lot of research and studies, medical experts have stated that there a number of risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome:

  • The Position of Hand and Wrist:

This mostly occurs to athletes such as basketball and volleyball players. People who go through rigorous sessions where it involves excessive flexion or extension of the hand and wrist for a long period.

  • Repetitive use of hand:

Repeating the same hand and wrist movement for a long period tend to intensify the tendons in the wrist thus causing the hand to swell. This, in turn, puts a pressure on the nerve making the tunnel narrower.

  • Hereditary:

It may sound surprising to many, but yes, unfortunately, this is one of the most important risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome. Some people are known to have smaller carpal tunnel but anatomic differences change the amount of space of the nerve. Medical experts stated that these traits are transferred genetically.

  • During Pregnancy:

During pregnancy, the body of the woman goes through various changes. Due to hormonal changes, it can cause swelling of hands and feet. This leads to fluid retention and thus development of carpal tunnel syndrome.

  • Other Health conditions:

Various types of health conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, thyroid gland imbalance, etc. are associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. These health conditions cause some of the body parts to swell. Excessive swelling causes the carpal tunnel to become smaller.

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Now that we understand what is carpal tunnel syndrome and its causes, the next step it to identify the symptoms of this syndrome. Here are some of the symptoms associated with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

  • Numbness in the hand and a burning sensation in the thumb, middle, index, ring fingers.
  • Slight pain that might pass from the forearm to the shoulder.
  • Difficulty to perform daily tasks with your hands
  • Weakness and loss of proprioception in the hand.

So if you are going through these symptoms, seek medical advice immediately. The doctor will be able to diagnose by going through careful examinations. You might need to do few tests which include X-rays, MRI scans etc. Even if you are diagnosed with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, there is nothing to worry about. You will find that there is most refined and advanced method for the conclusive treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.

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